Promoting Opportunity through Equitable Transit-Oriented Development (eTOD): Barriers to Success and Best Practices for Implementation

Promoting Opportunity through Equitable TOD is a research series that updates and expands upon Making Affordable Housing at Transit a Reality by Enterprise and FRESC (2010). This report demonstrates that numerous barriers inhibit low- and moderate-income families’ ability to find housing in communities with access to robust, multi-modal transportation options. The report also makes recommendations for overcoming those barriers and highlights numerous best practices from regions across the U.S.

Investments in communities and transit infrastructure can significantly enhance opportunity for low- and moderate-income families. Equitable transit-oriented development (eTOD) is one tool to ensure that there are a range of housing choices in high-opportunity neighborhoods despite the property value increases that often result from such investments.

A primary approach to eTOD is the preservation and creation of dedicated affordable housing. The latest paper demonstrates barriers to eTOD can be overcome by: adopting proactive, collaborative strategies; taking early action to reform plans, codes and policies that influence station area development; expanding access to capital with eTOD-appropriate terms and conditions; and enhancing site-access and improving site-viability. 

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