Health in Housing: Exploring the Intersection Between Housing and Health Care
This study, conducted by the Providence Center for Outcomes Research & Education (CORE), directly explores the link between affordable housing and health care through the lens of the key health reform metrics: better primary care connection, fewer emergency department (ED) visits, improved access and quality, and lower costs.
This is one of the first studies to directly assess what happens to health care costs when low-income individuals move into stable, affordable housing. Claims data were used to measure changes in health care cost and use, and survey data were used to examine health care access and quality. The study included 145 housing units of three different types: family housing (FAM), permanent supportive housing (PSH), and housing for seniors and people with disabilities (SPD). The role of integrated services within housing was also considered.