A comprehensive approach to understanding communities and improving outcomes using:
- Cross-sector data
- Community engagement
- Map-based measurement tools
Users will be able to leverage the comprehensive data in Opportunity360 to make smarter investments and create collaborative solutions that transform communities.
Enterprise conducted a thorough review of existing indices, atlases and other publicly available measurement resources and saw the need for a more robust, comprehensive platform at a neighborhood level.
Opportunity360 provides a framework for measuring the basic indicators of well-being for families in every community across the United States. These indicators, presented in the Opportunity360 Community Dashboard, are strongly correlated with long-term positive outcomes for low-income families. Unlike other existing platforms, Opportunity360:
- Pulls together cross-sector data in one report
- Presents data at a census tract level
- Provides a broad array of robust housing market and cost data
- Shows indicators of change over time
- Is built on a refined conceptual model, grounded in research
- Separately measures the characteristics of people and places to get a more nuanced view of neighborhood change
- Leverages third-party tools through partnerships
- Elevates the role of community and resident perspectives, alongside data, to inform planning and policy
- Frames the narrative of opportunity to support stronger advocacy efforts
The dashboard measures whether people in a given place have access to resources, institutions and services they need to pursue economic security and high quality of life. It also measures the characteristics of people and how they fare on measures related to opportunity. The primary opportunity outcomes are:
- Housing Stability
- Economic Security
- Health and Well-being
For more information about the data sources and descriptions of the data points, please see the mySidewalk Data Library.
Opportunity360 provides detailed analyses and a starting point for understanding the strengths and needs of a specific location. For example, is housing affordability an issue in a location because the housing is relatively expensive, because incomes are low, or some combination of both?
The data can also help demonstrate how a given neighborhood or set of neighborhoods is doing relative to nearby areas, the region, state(s) or the nation.
The data can be used to:
- Conduct needs assessments
- Build a case for certain investments or interventions
- Start a community conversation
- Identify potential partners for delivering on programmatic priorities
There is no cost to use any of the tools, research and best practices created by Opportunity360, such as the Community Dashboards. Some third-party tools located in the Community Engagement Toolkit have an associated fee which is clearly indicated on each tool’s profile page.
Outcome Indices capture the characteristics of residents related to:
- Housing Stability
- Economic Security
- Health and Well-being
Each of these five dimensions is measured by an index value calculated from a combination of neighborhood-level (census tract) variables. Each index value can be interpreted as a percentile rank, from 0-100. For more details, please see the Opportunity360 Index Methodology.
After reviewing data availability and feedback from Opportunity360 users, we are simplifying and streamlining our measurement framework by highlighting our five Outcome Index Scores and sunsetting four "Pathways" index scores. We determined that the data used for the Pathway index scores was no longer available at a consistent and regular basis, or from open sources that could be accessed for free by the public and our partners.
The scores indicate how a given neighborhood compares to neighborhoods across the country. A score of 50 means the tract is in the 50th percentile – half of all tracts are better off on this dimension and half are worse off. A score above 50 indicates that the tract fares better than the majority of other tracts. Likewise, a value below 50 indicates that the neighborhood scores more poorly than the majority.
A high score (even a score of 100) does not mean a neighborhood is perfect. It does mean it is among the best neighborhoods in the country on that dimension. A low score does not necessarily mean that a neighborhood is lacking in opportunity, only that most other neighborhoods are stronger on that dimension.
An increase in a score over time would mean that neighborhood has improved relative to other neighborhoods.
For more information about the data sources and descriptions of the data points, please see the Opportunity360 Data Dictionary.
There is no ideal number that designates a “high” or “low” opportunity area. This is partly because the Opportunity360 index is a relative scale – a score of 100 would mean this neighborhood is the highest scoring existing neighborhood, not that it is perfect.
Opportunity360 uses a multi-faceted approach to measuring opportunity because we recognize that all places can be “communities of opportunity,” each with different assets and challenges to be addressed. We also recognize that opportunity does not look the same to all people. For example, an environment of opportunity for a preschooler may look very different than for a senior with a disability. Opportunity360 should be considered as a set of tools to help identify those needs and assets, and map pathways to opportunity for different communities.
Opportunity360 blends data hosted by mySidewalk and public data aggregated and processed by Enterprise. The Community Dashboard includes data from the following sources:
- American Community Survey
- CDC Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Social Vulnerability Index
- CDC Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 500 Cities
- CDC National Center for Health Statistics USALEEP
- Census Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics
- Centers for Disease Control (CDC)
- Comprehensive Housing Affordability Strategy data
- County Business Patterns (CBP)
- Enterprise Community Partners
- Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Justice Screening and Mapping Tool
- Environmental Protection Agency Walkability
- Federal Communications Commission
- Home Mortgage Disclosure Act
- Health Resources & Services Administration
- HUD Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Qualified Census Tracts
- HUD Picture of Subsidized Households
- HUD Racially or Ethnically Concentrated Areas of Poverty Census Tracts
- Hazards & Vulnerability Research Institute
- Location Affordability Index
- National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Fatality Analysis Reporting System
- Small Business Administration
- United States Census Bureau
- United States Department of Agriculture Food Environment Atlas
- US Department of Education Civil Rights Data Collection
- US Department of Treasury Opportunity Zones
- United States Patent and Trademark Office
- University of Minnesota Access Across America
Because the data comes from a variety of sources with varied update schedules, we review the data on a quarterly basis to determine what updates need to be completed. We are working with our technology partners on real-time updates where possible. Opportunity Index scores are updated annually. The most recent update was completed February 3, 2020.
The base datasets currently cannot be exported for public consumption due to license agreements and confidentiality restrictions with proprietary sources. There are instruction in the How to Use this Dashboard section of the Community Dashboards that explain how to download specific data and visualizations.
The Opportunity360 team provides technical assistance for customized data integration and regional assessments. Please Contact the Opportunity360 team for more information.
We believe that listening to the perspectives of the people in a community is critical to the change process. To help make this essential work a bit easier, we’ve searched across the U.S. to find a variety of resources and methods we think are the best suited to help you engage with residents, stakeholders and community developers to better address the challenges in your community. These resources have been collected into the Community Engagement Toolkit, an online database of tools, best practices and case studies presented in a user-friendly format that’s relational, searchable, filterable and keyword-enabled. Each entry in the Toolkit includes: a description of the tool or practice, suggested best uses, cost (if applicable), link to the tool’s website (if applicable), and similar or related tools.
Opportunity360 uses a Core Based Statistical Area (CBSA), a U.S. geographic area defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) that consists of one or more counties (or equivalents) anchored by an urban center of at least 10,000 people plus adjacent counties that are socioeconomically tied to the urban center by commuting. For tracts that are not located in a CBSA (primarily rural areas), the region defaults to the surrounding county.
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- Google Chrome
- Internet Explorer (version 10+)
- Microsoft Edge
If you are using older browsers such as Internet Explorer version 8, you may experience compatibility issues.
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