April 13, 2015

Enterprise Research: Promoting Opportunity through Equitable TOD


(Updated November 9, 2015)

Investments in communities and transit infrastructure can significantly enhance opportunity for low- and moderate-income families. Equitable transit-oriented development (eTOD) is one tool to ensure that high-opportunity neighborhoods are inclusive despite the property value increases that often result from such investments. eTOD is compact, often mixed-use development with access to jobs, neighborhood-serving stores and other amenities that also serves the needs of low- and moderate-income people. A primary approach to eTOD is the preservation and creation of dedicated affordable housing, which can ensure that high-opportunity neighborhoods are open to people from all walks of life.

Promoting Opportunity through Equitable TOD is a series of research and resources that covers different aspects of eTOD to be released over the course of 2015. This research builds off the 2010 report on Making Affordable Housing at Transit a Reality by Enterprise and FRESC, and is based on a review of literature, interviews with transportation-sector stakeholders, and Enterprise Community Partners’ deep organizational experience supporting eTOD. This series will include three components:

  • Making the Case (Released: April 30, 2015): This review of literature highlights the importance of eTOD to families, as well as the broader community, region and economy.
  • Barriers to Success and Best Practices for Implementation (Released October 27, 2015): This paper demonstrates that numerous barriers inhibit both the number of communities with robust, multi-modal transit access, as well as the amount of affordable housing within those communities that do exist. However, there are numerous examples throughout the country that show these barriers can be overcome by: adopting proactive, collaborative strategies; taking early action to reform plans, codes and policies that influence station area development; expanding access to capital with eTOD-appropriate terms and conditions; and enhancing site-access and improving site-viability.
  • Navigating federal regulations to support eTOD (Coming soon): While real estate development is by nature a local and regional issue, federal policies can have a significant impact on eTOD, both positively and negatively. This report seeks to assist practitioners as they work to navigate the federal policy landscape, with a particular focus on the Federal Transit Administration’s policies on Joint Development and the Capital Investment Grant program.

The full list of publications and resources from this research initiative are listed below. For more information on equitable TOD, visit the Enterprise TOD Initiative webpage or contact John Hersey, Program Officer and Michael A. Spotts, Senior Analyst - Project Manager.

Promoting Opportunity through Equitable Transit-Oriented Development (eTOD) Publications 

Research Summaries 

Research Papers

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